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Educational Zone:

Wednesday's Ballistics for Beginners Useful Fact :
You may have been in the position where your shots are going 4" high and left at 200 yards and you want to adjust your scope. You can move the scope a few clicks and see, but ammo is expensive and we don't want the stockpile to get low. Most scopes have 1/4 MOA clicks. One MOA is 1" at 100 yards*. So a click is a quarter inch at 100 yards.
Range/Yards      Click Size, 1/4 MOA
100              1 quarter inch
200              2 quarter inch (half an inch)
300              3 quarter inch
400              4 quarter inch (one inch)
500              5 quarter inch (one and a quarter)
(50              1 eighth inch)
Some scopes have 1/8 MOA per click for finer adjustment:
Range/Yards      Click Size, 1/8 MOA
100              1 eighth inch
200              2 eighth inch (quarter an inch)
300              3 eighth inch
400              4 eighth inch (half inch)
500              5 eighth inch
(50              1 sixteenth inch)
OK, you can remember that. So 4" high and left at 200 yards again. 200 yards, 2/4" per click. Half an inch per click. So 8 clicks=4" on the usual 1/4 MOA scope. Which way to turn the scope knobs? One knob has an "Up" arrow. Turn in that direction to move the bullet impact up. One knob has an "Right" arrow. Turn in that direction to move the bullet impact right. The markings on the scope are talking about bullet impact. So if you are shooting high, move in the opposite direction of the "Up" arrow. Two things to remember:
  • A .25 MOA click is 1 quarter inch at 100 yards, 2 quarters at 200, and so on.
  • The markings on the scope are talking about bullet impact.
*Advanced material: One Moa is 1.05" at 100 yards, assume it is 1" at 100 yards. So assuming introduces a 5% error here. If you are adjusting for 4", the error would be 0.2". That may not worry you, but at least you know. If you like, reduce your adjustment by 5%. So 20 clicks would become 19. By the way, you really need to put the rifle in a vise, point it at a 10.5" target 100 yards away (40 clicks) put the crosshairs at the top of the target and go down 40 clicks. Then back up. Then sideways. If the scope is spot on, adjust with confidence. If it underadjusts by 5%, each click is exactly 1/4 at 100 yards, lucky you. If it isn't working, and the vise is solid, then be aware of your inaccurate click adjustments. Check Your Scope’s Click Value–You May Be Surprised
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